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Asp.net 下载功能的解决方案

今天在网上找到一个比较好的asp.net下载方法的解决方案

1. 首先新建一个用于进行下载处理的page页,如download.aspx,里面什么东西也没有。
2. 添加一个DownloadHandler类,它继承于IHttpHandler接口,可以用来自定义HTTP 处理程序同步处理HTTP的请求。

 public class DownloadHandler : IHttpHandler
{
public void ProcessRequest(HttpContext context)
{
HttpResponse Response = context.Response;
HttpRequest Request = context.Request;
System.IO.Stream iStream = null;
byte[] buffer = new Byte[10240];
int length;
long dataToRead;
try
{
string filename = FileHelper.Decrypt(Request["fn"]); //通过解密得到文件名
string filepath = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("~/") + "files/" + filename; //待下载的文件路径
iStream = new System.IO.FileStream(filepath, System.IO.FileMode.Open,
System.IO.FileAccess.Read, System.IO.FileShare.Read);
Response.Clear();
dataToRead = iStream.Length;
long p = 0;
if (Request.Headers["Range"] != null)
{
Response.StatusCode = 206;
p = long.Parse(Request.Headers["Range"].Replace("bytes=", "").Replace("-", ""));
}
if (p != 0)
{
Response.AddHeader("Content-Range", "bytes " + p.ToString() + "-" + ((long)(dataToRead - 1)).ToString() + "/" + dataToRead.ToString());
}
Response.AddHeader("Content-Length", ((long)(dataToRead - p)).ToString());
Response.ContentType = "application/octet-stream";
Response.AddHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment; filename=" + System.Web.HttpUtility.UrlEncode(System.Text.Encoding.GetEncoding(65001).GetBytes(Path.GetFileName(filename))));
iStream.Position = p;
dataToRead = dataToRead - p;
while (dataToRead > 0)
{
if (Response.IsClientConnected)
{
length = iStream.Read(buffer, 0, 10240);
Response.OutputStream.Write(buffer, 0, length);
Response.Flush();
buffer = new Byte[10240];
dataToRead = dataToRead - length;
}
else
{
dataToRead = -1;
}
}
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
Response.Write("Error : " + ex.Message);
}
finally
{
if (iStream != null)
{
iStream.Close();
}
Response.End();
}
}
public bool IsReusable
{
get { return true; }
}
}

3. 这里涉及到一个文件名加解密的问题,是为了防止文件具体名称暴露在状态栏中,所以添加一个FileHelper类,代码如下:

 public class FileHelper
{
public static string Encrypt(string filename)
{
byte[] buffer = HttpContext.Current.Request.ContentEncoding.GetBytes(filename);
return HttpUtility.UrlEncode(Convert.ToBase64String(buffer));
}
public static string Decrypt(string encryptfilename)
{
byte[] buffer = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptfilename);
return HttpContext.Current.Request.ContentEncoding.GetString(buffer);
}
}

利用Base64码对文件名进行加解密处理。
4. 在Web.config上,添加httpHandlers结点,如下:
 <system.web>
<httpHandlers>
<add verb="*" path="download.aspx" type="DownloadHandler" />
</httpHandlers>
</system.web>

5. 现在新建一个aspx页面,对文件进行下载:
Default.aspx代码如下:
Default.aspx

 <%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="true" CodeFile="Default.aspx.cs" Inherits="_Default" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
<title>文件下载</title>
</head>
<body>
<form id="form1" runat="server">
<div>
<asp:HyperLink ID="link" runat="server" Text="文件下载"></asp:HyperLink>
</div>
</form>
</body>
</html>

Default.aspx.cs代码如下:
Default.aspx.cs
 using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Security;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;
using System.Web.UI.HtmlControls;
public partial class _Default : System.Web.UI.Page
{
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
string url = FileHelper.Encrypt("DesignPattern.chm");
link.NavigateUrl = "~/download.aspx?fn=" + url;
}
}

 

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